UPSC Civil Services CSAT- Sources of Reading Comprehension Passages

Dear MockBankers

The UPSC Civil Services CSAT paper (GS Paper 2) is now only a qualifying test. The marks obtained in this paper are not counted later in determining the final order of merit.

We have identified the various sources employed by the UPSC to frame paragraphs for the questions of comprehension. These have been mentioned as follows:

  1. SOCIAL: The Concept of a “Creative Society” [CSAT-2011]

[Book: “Readings in Indian Government and Politics: Class, Caste, Gender (Volume of Essays)” edited by Manoranjan Mohanty; Publisher: SAGE; ‘Chapter-15: Conclusion—Social Movements in a Creative Society’ by Manoranjan Mohanty (The Creative Society: Page-390)]

2. POLITICAL: Deepening of Democracy in India: [CSAT-2012]

Transfer of Power from Upper Caste Elites to the Marginalised Subaltern Groups [CSAT-2012]

[Book: “Indian Politics and Society Since Independence: Events, Processes and Ideology” by Bidyut Chakrabarty; Publisher: Routledge; Conclusion: “Growing Democratization” (Pages-171-172)]

  1. Democracy and Development—Do they Go Together? [CSAT-2012]

[Book: “The Idea of Justice” by Amartya Sen; Publisher: Penguin; Chapter: ‘Democracy and Development’]

  1. Democracy Not Exclusive Western Concept, But Development of Institutional Structure [CSAT-2013] of Democracy —A Western Achievement

[Book: “The Idea of Justice” by Amartya Sen; Publisher: Penguin; Part Four: “Public Reasoning and Democracy”; Chapter-15: ‘Democracy as Public Reason’]

5. ECONOMIC: Indian Economy—A Great Paradox [CSAT-SAMPLE]

[Book: “Contemporary India: Economy, Society, Politics”; Publisher: PEARSON; Part-I, Chapter-2: The Evolution of Development Strategy Since Independence by Ambuja Kumar Tripathy]

  1. An Enabling State for Inclusive Growth—The Need of the Hour [CSAT-2011]

[The Economic Survey of India 2009-10, Chapter2: Micro-foundations of Inclusive Growth, Paragraph 2.5]

  1. The Potential of Farm Collectivities in Transition Economies [CSAT-2012]

[Working Paper No. 305 (2010) by Bina Agarwal: “Rethinking Agricultural Production Collectivities”, Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi University; Chapter-7: In Conclusion (Page-31)]

  1. Competition Law to Facilitate a Level-Playing Field Among Foreign and Domestic Firms [CSAT-2012]

[Article in The Economic Times dated 04 Nov 2009: “Competition Law and Inclusive Growth” by Madhav Mehra]

  1. Climate-Smart Development Strategies of Adaptation and Mitigation—The Need of the Hour [CSAT-2012]

[The World Bank Report: “World Development Report—Development and Climate Change” (2010); Chapter-1 (Pages-44-45)—‘Growth: Changing Carbon Footprints and Vulnerabilities’]

10.Indian Financial Markets Integrated With International Financial Markets [CSAT-2013]

[The Economic Survey of India 2011-12, Chapter-5: Financial Intermediation and Markets (Introduction)]

11.Corporate Governance [CSAT-2013]

[Article in The Economic Times dated 18 January 2009: “Corporate Governance” by Lisa Mary Thomson]

12. SCIENTIFIC/ECOLOGY/ ENVIRONMENT: Effects of Modifications to Earth’s Ecosystem, [CSAT-2011]

Necessitated by a Rapidly Expanding Human Population

[Textbook: “Life-The Science of Biology” (8th Edition) co-published by Sinauer Associates Inc. and WH Freeman; Chapter-56: “Ecosystems and the Global Ecology”—56.4 ‘What Services do Ecosystems Provide’ (Page-1221)]

  1. The Influence of Keystone Species on Species Richness in an Ecosystem [CSAT-2011]

[Textbook: “Life-The Science of Biology” (8th Edition) co-published by Sinauer Associates Inc. and WH Freeman; Chapter-55: “Communities and Ecosystems”— (Pages-1062-63) ‘Individual Species May Influence Community Processes’]

14 .Introduction of Exotic Species in New Geographic Areas and Its Impact on Biodiversity [CSAT-2012]

[Textbook: “Essentials of Ecology” by Colin R Townsend, Michael Begon, John L Harper; Publisher: John Wiley & Sons; Article 14.2.2 Habitat Disruption (Page-462)]

15. Use of Chemical Pesticides in Agriculture—Is it Sustainable? [CSAT-2012]

[Website:; Category: “Species Richness”; Article: ‘Evolution of Resistance to Pesticides” (posted 01 Nov 2012)]

16.Habitat Fragmentation—The Most Serious Threat to Biodiversity Conservation [CSAT-2013]

[Article in Deccan Herald dated 17 August 2008: “Mining has spelt ecological disaster” by Praveen Bhargav]

17.Excessive & Indiscriminate Use of Chemical Fertilizers in Agriculture— [CSAT-2013]

A Serious Threat to Aquatic Ecosystems

[Textbook: “Essentials of Ecology” by Colin R Townsend, Michael Begon, John L Harper; Publisher: John Wiley & Sons; Chapter 13: Habitat Degradation; Article 13.2.2 Intensive Cropping (Pages-429 & 430)]

18. EDUCATION Will the Right to Education Remain on Paper or Become a Reality, [CSAT-2011]

Particularly so for Girls?

[Article in The Hindu “Children Have a Precarious Right” by Krishna Kumar.]

19. ETHICS & PHILOSOPHY: A Moral Act is an Act of Will [CSAT-2011]

[Book: “Ethical Religion” by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi; Chapter-3: “What is Moral Action”]

20.India’s Spiritual Greatness—Myth or Reality? [CSAT-2011]

[Book: “Essays on Ancient India” by Raj Kumar; Publisher: Discovery Publishing House]

21.Ever Increasing Man’s Materialistic Needs Leads to Endless Miseries; [CSAT-2013]

Only Solution to Change Man’s Character—Make Him Pure, Educated and Spiritually Strong

[Book: “The Indispensable Vivekananda: An Anthology for Our Times” by Swami Vivekananda; Editor: Amiya P Sen; Publisher: Permanent Black; Chapter III. b. “Karma Yoga: Service Before Self” Page 203]

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