RRB NTPC Exam 2016 will test you on Measurement of Quantities. In physics, quantities are categorized into either scalar or vector quantities.
RRB NTPC Exam 2016 #Daily Infographic on General Science (Physics)
There are a lot of different mathematical quantities used in physics.
What is a scalar?
A scalar is a quantity that is fully described by a magnitude only. It is described by just a single number. Some examples of scalar quantities include speed, volume, mass, temperature, power, energy, and time.
What is a vector?
A vector is a quantity that has both a magnitude and a direction. Vector quantities are important in the study of motion. Some examples of vector quantities include force, velocity, acceleration, displacement, and momentum.
What is the difference between a scalar and vector?
A vector quantity has a direction and a magnitude, while a scalar has only a magnitude. You can tell if a quantity is a vector by whether or not it has a direction associated with it.
Speed is a scalar quantity, but velocity is a vector that specifies both a direction as well as a magnitude. The speed is the magnitude of the velocity. A car has a velocity of 40 mph east. It has a speed of 40 mph.
Interesting Facts about Scalars and Vectors
- Unit vectors are vectors with a magnitude of 1. They are used to define direction.
- The credit for inventing vectors is usually given to Irish physicist William Rowan Hamilton.
- Vectors and scalars are important in many fields of math and science.
- Vectors can be defined in two dimensional or three dimensional space.
- Vector graphics are sometimes used in computers because they can be scaled to a larger size without losing any image quality.