IAS Exam Preparation Through History Infographics (9)

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IAS Exam Preparation

IAS Exam Preparation of Ancient History Section via Infographics

You will be tested by UPSC on Questions relating to Ancient History. Vedic Age or Age of the Aryans is an important topic of Ancient India.

History for IAS Exam Preparation 2016

Topic – Early Vedic Civilization

IAS Exam Preparation

Vedic civilization 

The earliest civilization in the Indian History which is connected with the Aryans.

  • Word “Aryan”  > high birth
  • Theory of Southern Russia or Eurasia > seems more plausible
  • From this region they moved to different parts of Asia and Europe
  • Migrated to India through khyber pass
  • Rapidly spread to the area known as the Sapta Sindhu

 

 Original home and identity of Aryans

IAS Exam Preparation

  • Word “Aryan”  > high birth
  • Theory of Southern Russia or Eurasia > seems more plausible
  • From this region they moved to different parts of Asia and Europe
  • Migrated to India through khyber pass
  • Rapidly spread to the area known as the Sapta Sindhu
  • Some part of Afghanistan > Araiya or Haraiya
  • Main tribes > Hitties, Indo-Aryans, Iranians, Kassites, Mitannis and Greeks
  • Boghaz koi inscriptions > peace treaty between Hitties and Marayanni rulers of Mittani >> names of vedic gods are mentioned –  Indra, Mitra, Nasatya , Varuna
  • Proves that Central Asia as their homeland
  • Mingled with local people
  • Adopted agrarian way of life after settling down in small, organized communities

Reasons behind rapid expansion of the Aryans

  • Chariot driven by horses
  • Weapons made of good quality bronze
  • Use of armour (varman)
  • Use of destructive machine called”Purcharishnu“

Sources of Vedic Civilization

  • Chief source – vedic literature in sanskrit
  • Composed > 1500 – 500 BC
  • Vedic  literature – 4  categories
  1. 4 vedas
  2. Brahmanas attached to each Samhitha
  3. Aranyakas
  4. Upansihads

4 Vedas

IAS Exam Preparation

Rigveda

It is the oldest religious text in the world. It’s a collection of hymns recited at the time of rituals with utmost devotion. It consists of a total of 1017 hymns divided into 10 mandalas.

Samveda

It is basically a collection of melodies. It consists of 1603 verses but except 99 all the rest of the hymns borrowed from Rigveda.

Yajurveda

It prescribes the ritual for performing different sacrifices. Consists of 2 main texts – White YV (mantras-hymns), Black YV (commentary in prose).

Atharvaveda

Describes the popular beliefs and superstitions of humble folk. It is divided into 20 kandas and has 711 hymns.

Political Conditions

  • Not homogeneous
  • Divided into several tribes – anus, druhyus, yadus, purus, bharatas, krivis, srinjayas
  • Fought among themselves for supremacy
  • Popular mode of govt – monarchy

Economic Life

  • Predominantly pastoral
  • Cow (Gau) was the most important animal >> mentioned 176 times in Rig veda
  • The terms of war were gavisthi or the search for cows
  • Main occupation – cattle breeding
  • Agriculture – secondary occupation
  • Yava (barley) – chief food grain

Social Life

IAS Exam Preparation

  • Tribal society with kingship as the basis of social structure
  • Man was identified with his tribe called Jana
  • Jana was divided into Vis (group of villages) under Vispati, Vis into grama (village) under Gramnani and Grama into kulas  (family) into kulapa Jana > Vis > Grama > Kulas   City > Town > Village > Family
  • Tribal society was broadly divided priests, warriors and people
  • “Shudra” is first mentioned in 10th book (latest addition) of Rig veda
  • Non aryans consisted of Dasyus and Panis
  • Slavery was existent as slave women were gifted to priests.
  • Untouchability  and concept of gotra was unknown

IAS Exam Preparation Quiz – Vedic Period

1. Aryans referred to the Indus people as ______________.
 
 
 
 

Question 1 of 5

2. In which language were the Vedas written ?
 
 
 
 

Question 2 of 5

3. The chief of the aryan clan Rajan got income from ____________.
 
 
 
 

Question 3 of 5

4. What was the main cause behind the famous tribal war which is mentioned in Rigveda as “Battle of Ten Kings” or ‘Dashradnya Yuddha’?
 
 
 
 

Question 4 of 5

5. In total number, how many Upanishads are there in India ?
 
 
 
 

Question 5 of 5


 

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Suggested Reading

INFOGRAPHICS FOR IAS

references: nextgenias.com

  • Sahil

    5/5 yayyyyyyy..i’m preparing history these days. can u suggest me a good book ?

    • Good Score.

      What part of History are you preparing ?
      Ancient,Medieval or Modern India ?

      • Sahil

        Mam i’m preparing for Ancient India but it will be helpful if u tell me books for all sections. plz

        • Sure.

          For Ancient Indian History , refer-

          ‘India’s Ancient Past’ by R.S.Sharma

          For Medieval Indian History, refer-

          History of Medieval India by Satish Chandra

          For Modern Indian History, refer –

          History of Modern India by Bipin Chandra

          • Sahil

            Thank u so so much mam