General Knowledge and Important Current Affairs of 2016 with Current Affairs Quiz
General Knowledge 2016
- The name ISIS has been doing rounds since the conflict in Iraq started to come in limelight during June 2014.
- The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, often translated as Islamic State of Iraq and Syria and accordingly also commonly known as ISIS, is a Salafi jihadist militant group that follows an Islamic fundamentalist, Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam.
- The group has referred to itself as the Islamic State or IS ever since it proclaimed a worldwide caliphate in June 2014 and named Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi as its caliph. As a caliphate, it claims religious, political and military authority over all Muslims worldwide.
- The group’s adoption of the name “Islamic State” and idea of a caliphate have been widely criticised, with the United Nations, various governments, and mainstream Muslim groups rejecting its statehood or caliphhood.
- Syria is a country smaller than the state of Victoria with almost the exact same population as Australia (22.5 million to our 23 million) which borders Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Israel and Lebanon. Syria has both deserts and fertile areas and is steeped in history dating back to biblical times.
- The Syrian Civil war is a conflict between its long-serving government and those seeking to boot it out of office. The Assad family has held power in Syria since 1971. First it was Hafez al-Assad, then Bashar al-Assad.
- Syria’s civil war is the worst humanitarian crisis of our time. Half the country’s pre-war population — more than 11 million people — have been killed or forced to flee their homes.
- The United Nations estimates that more than 1.5 million refugees have now fled Syria.
- The Make in India program was launched by Prime Minister Modi as part of a wider set of nation-building initiatives.
- It’s an initiative launched by the Government of India to encourage multi national, as well as national companies to manufacture their products in India
- Devised to transform India into a global design and manufacturing hub, Make in India was a timely response to a critical situation
- The Make in India program has been built on layers of collaborative effort.
- The Bill amends the Constitution to introduce the goods and services tax (GST).
- Parliament and state legislatures will have concurrent powers to make laws on GST. Only the centre may levy an integrated GST (IGST) on the interstate supply of goods and services, and imports.
- Alcohol for human consumption has been exempted from the purview of GST. GST will apply to five petroleum products at a later date.
- The Bill empowers the centre to impose an additional tax of up to 1%, on the inter-state supply of goods for two years or more. This tax will accrue to states from where the supply originates.
- The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Bill, 2016 was introduced by Minister of Finance, Mr. Arun Jaitley, in Lok Sabha on March 3, 2016.
- The Bill intends to provide for targeted delivery of subsidies and services to individuals residing in India by assigning them unique identity numbers, called Aadhaar numbers.
- Every resident shall be entitled to obtain an Aadhaar number. A resident is a person who has resided in India for 182 days, in the one year preceding the date of application for enrolment for Aadhaar.
- The key functions of the UID (Unique Identity Number) authority include, (i) specifying demographic and biometric information to be collected during enrolment, (ii) assigning Aadhaar numbers to individuals, (iii) authenticating Aadhaar numbers, and (iv) specifying the usage of Aadhaar numbers for delivery of subsidies and services.
- New initiative to be launched to privide cooking gas to BPL families with state support.
- Significant reforms to be undertaken for passage of insolvency and bankruptcy.
- 5 lakh acres of land to be brought under Organic farming in three years under Krishi Vikas Yojana
- A term irrigation fund to be created in NABARD with a corpus of Rs 20,000 crore.
- Railways to get Rs 40,000 crore budgetary support from the government.
- There will be no hike in passenger fares this year
- All the unmanned level crossings will be eliminated by 2020.
- Quota for senior citizens for lower berths in each coach to be increased by 50% thereby adding nearly 120 lower berths per train for them.
GENERAL KNOWLEDGE QUIZ