General Knowledge Capsule 3

General Knowledge Capsule

In the present General Knowledge Capsule, we will discuss the next 10 states out of 29 states in India.

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General Knowledge Capsule 3


Capital – Ranchi

Districts – 24

Literacy – 67.6%

  • The roots of Jharkhand can be traced to Magadha Empire. During the Mughal period, this area was called Kukara.
  • The state is situated on Santhal Parganas and Chhota Nagpur Plateau. Most of Jharkhand comes under the Chhota Nagpur Plateau. Rivers like Koel, Brahmani, Damodar, Subarnarekha and Kharkai flow here. One can enjoy the scenic beauty of forests, hills and plateaus from the Lodh Falls.
  • Jharkhand is India’s second largest mineral wealth producer followed by Chhattisgarh. Minerals such as iron ore, copper, coal, uranium, bauxite, mica, limestone and graphite are found in the state. Due to its rich mineral resources, the state expects its per capita income to increase in the years to come.
  • Since this state is mainly dominated by tribes, nature is considered as a vital and important part of their culture and lives. People buy the sacred trees and plant them in the courtyard as a part of their tradition.
  • Hindi is the prime language of the state. The people here also speak various other languages. The three important language groups are Munda, Indo-Aryan and Dravidian. They are sister languages and most words used are 80 percent-90 percent same.
  • The tourism industry contributes a major share to the economy of the state. The state is full of forests and hills apart from the wildlife sanctuaries, holy shrines, museums etc. which attract tourists from all over the country.
  • Chief Minister is the head of the government of Jharkhand and the Governor is the state’s de jure head


Capital – Bengaluru

Districts – 30

Literacy – 75.60%

  • Karnataka is one of the well-known states in South West India. Originally, it was known as State of Mysore but was renamed Karnataka in the year 1973.
  • Karnataka has 3 main geographical zones. It includes the Karavali coastal region, the hilly region of Malenadu covering Western Ghats and Bayaluseeme region covering plains of the Deccan plateau. The major part of this state lies in Bayaluseeme region.
  • Due to its long history and varied geography, Karnataka is host to various places of interest that can be viewed by a tourist. You will be able to an extensive range of ancient and old sculptured temples, attractive hill ranges, modern cities, endless beaches and unexplored forests.
  • Karnataka, like the other states in India, has the parliamentary government with 2 constitutionally elected houses. One is the Legislative Council, and the other one is the Legislative Assembly. Legislative Assembly includes 224 members.
  • You can get the diverse religious and linguistic ethnicities in this state. In addition, the long histories that are associated with this state have contributed enormously to the different cultural legacy of this state. In addition to Kannadigas, the state is also home to Kodavas, Konkanis and Tuluvas.
  • Kannada is the official and extensively spoken language of this state. The major part of the population speaks this language, and it is also considered as a classical language in India.
  • The air transport facility of this state is a growing sector. The various airports in this state are located in Mangalore, Bangalore, Belgaum, Hubli, Bellary, Hampi and Mysore. In addition, the international flights also operate from Mangalore and Bangalore airports.


Capital – Thiruvanathapuram

Districts – 14

Literacy – 93.91%

  • Kerala is a state tucked away in the southwest corner of India. The state is often referred as “God’s Own Country”.
  • Kerala has a history dating back to the Christian era, although the modern Kerala was created on 1st November 1956 when all the states were reorganized along linguistic lines.
  • The state has a strong presence of left ideology. It has the highest literacy rate in the country, lowest infant mortality rate and the highest female to male population ratio. These facts speak volume of the state which is often compared to the society of the developed western countries.
  • Agriculture contributes most to the state’s income in the primary sector. Nearly half of the population of the state is dependent on agriculture for income. Rice is the most important cereal crop and staple food in Kerala.
  • Kerala is India’s most advanced society in terms of education, literacy and health. In fact, Kerala has the highest physical Quality of Life Index too. The age old wanderlust of the people of Kerala has taken them to virtually every nation on the face of this earth.
  • Kathakali is the most refined, most scientific and elaborately defined dance form of Kerala. It is a very exciting art form demanding not only complete control of practically every fiber of the artiste body, but also intense sensitivity of emotion. It had its origin in the courts of the Kings of Kerala.
  • Both Malayalam and English are widely taught Language in the state. Malayalam is, however, the regional and official Language of the state. Malayalam is also one of the official Language of India.

Madhya Pradesh

Capital – Bhopal

Districts – 51

Literacy – 70.63%

  • Landlocked in the central part of the country, Madhya Pradesh is bordered by the states of Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Chhatisgarh, Maharashtra and Gujarat.
  •  Madhya Pradesh had the honour of being the largest state of the country until Chhattisgarh was carved out of it on 1 November 2000.
  • The history of Madhya Pradesh goes back to the time of Ashoka, the great Mauryan ruler. A major portion of central India was a part of the Gupta Empire (300-550 AD).
  • The geography of this state in India mainly includes its location on earth, area and area-wise divisions, rivers, weather, soil, crops, topography as well as its flora and fauna.
  • Madhya Pradesh education system is very well developed. The over all school level education at Madhya Pradesh is classified into three groups – primary, middle and high school education. Madhya Pradesh has schools for polytechnics, industrial arts and crafts, music, etc. Moreover, there are 12 state universities.
  • Since Madhya Pradesh is frequently designated as the ‘Heart of India’, it is quite obvious that the prevailing regional dialect among all the languages in Madhya Pradesh happens to be Hindi. It is predominantly spoken by the inhabitants who reside in the northern and central realm of India.
  • Agriculture is the basis of Madhya Pradesh’s economy. Less than half of the land area is cultivable; however its distribution is quite uneven because of variations in topography, rainfall, and soils.


Capital – Mumbai

Districts – 36

Literacy – 82.91%

  • Situated in the western part of the country, Maharashtra happens to be the third largest state in the nation and stands second in population among all Indian states.
  • Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra as well as the financial capital of the entire country. Nagpur is known as the auxiliary capital of the state. Also known as the wealthiest state, Maharashtra contributes around 15% of the industrial output of the country and around 14% of its gross domestic product.
  • Maharashtra is a significant part of the famous Deccan plateau with the Sahyadri range or the Western Ghats forming the physical backbone as well as the coastal belt of the state. The highest peak is the Kalsubai for the Western Ghats and to the west, lies the coastal plains of Konkan.
  • With high GDP and per capita income, the state is one the richest in India and the third-most urbanised among all. Mumbai, being the financial capital of the country, headquarters major banks, top insurance companies, ace financial institutions and well known mutual funds.
  • It is also the centre of Indian film and television industry that earns crores of revenues for the state every year from the rest of the country as well as from overseas market.
  • Maharashtra has an elected government having almost 288 MLAs elected for a five-year term to the legislative assembly of ministers. With a bicameral legislature, the state has two major house – the Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) or the Upper House and the Vidhan Sabha or the Lower House.
  • Education is well established in Maharashtra with one central university, 21 deemed universities and 19 state universities running sound in the state, with lakhs of candidates being educated by expert faculties. There are more than 75,000 primary schools and around 20,000 secondary schools which are affiliated to either the state board, or the CBSE or the ICSE.
  • There is a unique blend of cultural heritage in the state of Maharashtra. A majority of the inhabitants being Hindu, Ganesh Chaturthi is one festival which is celebrated all across the state with great pomp and enthusiasm.


Capital – Imphal

Districts – 9

Literacy – 80.3%

  • Manipur, as one might say without hesitation, is a paradise come true on earth. It literally means “the jeweled land”. Manipur is richly endowed with natural beauty and splendour.
  • It is ome to Sangai, a rare species of deer and Siroy Lily, the only terrestrial lily grown on the hill tops of Siroi hill.
  • The state is situated in an oval-shaped valley, encompassing an area of approximately 700 square miles. A range of Blue Mountains surrounds the state and is located at an elevation of 790 meters above sea level.
  • It is true that the tourism industry in Manipur is on a constant rise. A majority of individuals refer to the state as the ‘land of jewels’. The rich culture does not extend in one single direction only; it rather encompasses all aspects such as sculpture, martial arts, theatre and dance.
  • The state government is considered as the supreme governing authority of the Manipur state. The government body comprises legislative branch, governor and a judiciary. The President of India appoints the Governor of Manipur. The appointment process is completed on the advice of the central government.
  • Manipuri society is characterised by its simplicity and egalitarian values. The people are warm and cooperative. Women enjoy high status in the society. Old people are given due respect and reverence.
  • One of the other languages people love to speak in Manipur is Bishnupriya Manipuri. Bishnupriya Manipuris are the one and the only tribe that speaks Bishnupriya Manipuri. One will be amazed to come to terms with the vital piece of information that the language Bishnupriya Manipuri is spoken by as many as 4,50,000 people all over the world.


Capital – Shillong

Districts – 11

Literacy – 91.58%

  • Meghalaya, the Abode of Clouds, is a state in the Northeast region of India.
  • In languages like Sanskrit and other forms of Indic dialects, the expression or term Meghalaya stands for the abode of the clouds. The name is absolutely ideal since the whole state is home to many mountain ranges.
  • The state of Meghalaya was formed by carving as many as two different districts of the state of Assam. It was on 21st January in the year 1972 that Meghalaya was carved out of Jaintia Hills and United Khasi Hills. Prior to gaining recognition as a full state, the state gained recognition as a semi-autonomous state in the year 1970.
  • The major rivers you can find in the Garo hills are Kalu, Ringgi, Daring, Sanda and Simsang. A few of the major rivers located in the central and eastern parts of the state are Myntdu, Digaru and Umkhri Kynchiang
  • The economy of Meghalaya is predominantly agrarian. About two-third of the total population of the state is engaged in allied and agriculture. Although the majority of the population is involved in agriculture as profession, this sector has very low contribution in the GDP of the state.
  • The government of Meghalaya remains responsible in taking all possible actions adhering to the parliamentary rules and standards. The advocate general, governor and council of ministers form the underlying structure of the government.
  • A majority of the population of Meghalaya constitutes of tribal people. The largest group you can find in the state is the Khasis. After the Khasis, the second largest group you can find in the state is the grass. A few of the other groups you can find in Meghalaya include Mikir, Hmar, Boro, Jaintias and Lakhar.


Capital – Aizwal

Districts – 11

Literacy – 80.11%

  • Mizoram is one of the seven Northeastern states of India, bordered by Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) to its east and south, Bangladesh to its west. Mizoram means ‘Land of the Highlanders’ and its local language is Mizo.
  • The Tropic of Cancer runs through the heart of Mizoram, and hence, it has a pleasantly temperate climate throughout the year. A land of steep hills and deep gorges, Mizoram’s highest peak ‘The Blue Mountain’ rises to a height of 2165 metres. Important rivers that flow through this hilly state are Tlawang, Sonai, Tuivawl, Kolodine and Kamaphuli.
  • Mizoram has a single-chamber Legislative Assembly of 40 seats. The state sends two members to the Indian Parliament: one to the Rajya Sabha (Upper House) and one to the Lok Sabha (Lower House).
  • The Mizos are divided into several tribes – the Lushais, Pawis, Paithes, Raltes, Pang, Himars, Kukis etc. Society is based largely around tribal villages. The chief’s house and the zawlbuk (community house for young, single men) are the focus of village life.
  • Mizo and English are the official languages. The literacy rate in Mizoram is about 92 percent, one of the highest in India. More than 80 percent of the population is Christians; the great majority is Protestants who were converted by missionaries during the 19th century.
  • About three-quarters of the population of Mizoram earn their living from agriculture. Both terraced cultivation and jhum (shifting) tillage (in which tracts are cleared by burning and sown with mixed crops) are practiced.
  • Mizoram is famous for the fibreless ginger. Paddy, maize, mustard, sugarcane, sesame and potatoes are the other prominent crops grown in this area. Small-scale irrigation projects are being developed to increase the crop yield.


Capital – Kohima

Districts – 11

Literacy – 73.45%

  • Nagaland is one of India’s smallest states, with a total area of 16,579 sq km (6400 sq mi). The Naga Hills run through this small state, which has Saramati as its highest peak at a height of about 12,600 ft.
  • The state has quite a pleasant weather at all the times of the year. The bracing weather makes it one of the most popular tourist spots in the Indian subcontinent.
  • Very little is known about the early history of what is now Nagaland, including the origin of several large sandstone pillars at Dimapur. British rule was established over the area by the 1890s, and headhunting, then a traditional practice, was outlawed.
  • Nagaland has a single-chamber Legislative Assembly with 60 seats. The state sends two members to the Indian Parliament: one to the Rajya Sabha (Upper House) and one to the Lok Sabha (Lower House).
  • The Nagas, inhabitants of Nagaland, are said to belong to the indo-mongoloid stock, a race whose presence was first noted ten centuries before Christ, at the time of the compilation of the Vedas.
  • The Nagas form more than 20 tribes, as well as numerous subtribes, each having a specific geographic distribution
  • The language diversity existing in Nagaland can not be found in any other state in India. There are as many as 36 different languages and dialects which the Naga people speak. Besides Nagamese, there are many languages which the people of the state speak.


Capital – Bhubaneshwar

Districts – 30

Literacy – 76.68%

  • Odisha is a state which lies on the east coast of the Indian subcontinent. It is also known as ‘the land of temples’ as there are a number of temples that are beautifully carved and are a proud testimony to the empires that were established here.
  • The land is also famous for its cultural heritage. The major attraction here is the classical Odissi dance form. Odisha has more than just culture and tradition.
  • Since the ancient times, Odisha has been inhabited by people from various parts of the country. The earliest to arrive were the tribes of the hills known as the Sabar and the Saora from the Mahabharata times. The state has a history of around 5,000 years. Odisha became famous due to the Kalinga rule. Ashoka was the greatest Maurayan Emperor who conquered almost the whole of India and its neighbouring countries.
  • The state has diverse habitats and hilly terrain along with lush greenery. The coastal plains and river valleys are incredible. The state has major rivers like Mahanadi, Brahmani and Bansadhara. The state comprises three main regions like the plateaus, mountains and coastal plains. There are several deltas that are formed by rivers like Subamarekha, Baitarani, Rushikulya and Budhabalanga.
  • The state of Odisha can be found from the ancient times which mean there are various monuments that are now a world heritage site and plenty of other monuments that are architectural marvels today. There are hundreds of temples here from the ancient times and of rulers who had built their vast empire here.
  • The state of Odisha can be found from the ancient times which mean there are various monuments that are now a world heritage site and plenty of other monuments that are architectural marvels today. There are hundreds of temples here from the ancient times and of rulers who had built their vast empire here.
  • Oriya has been recognised as the official language of Odisha. The native inhabitants belonged to the Aryan family and the language here is similar to that of Bengali, Assamese and Maithili


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