Dear Banking/Recruitment exams Candidates
After reading our daily tips, tricks and quizzes on different subjects and sections, we got endless requests from candidates for help in improving vocabulary and improve the performance in English section of banking/recruitment exams.
We have started posting a list 10 vocabulary words along with their meaning and pronunciation, your task would be to checkout those words, pronounce them correctly, understand their meaning and finally come up with sentences and statements which contains those words and convey their meaning. Comment your original sentences in the comments section below. The reason we are encouraging you to do that is because the key to improving vocabulary is using new and difficult words in your own sentences as you tend to remember the meaning once you have used it. You can also see how other candidates have used those words in their sentences and improve your word recall. After this you should use these sentences and words while talking to people. Even if you use the word once while talking to a person, you would realize that your vocabulary is increasing swiftly. The format of each word will be like:
“WORD (pronunciation) part of speech: Meaning
one or two Sentences” . Consider the following example:
Abash (uh BASH) v: to make ashamed, to embarrass.
• Raj felt abashed by his inability to remember his lines in the morning prayers.
• To do something without shame or embarrassment is to do it un-abashedly.
• Shreya handed in a term paper that she had unabashedly copied from the newspaper.
Notice that Abash is the word, ‘uh bash’ is the pronunciation, v signifies its a verb. This is followed by meaning ‘to make ashamed, embarrass’ . There are two-three sentences demonstrating how you can use the word and its antonym.
Candidates set your game brain on, here are the 10 vocabulary words for today:
1. Cacophony (Koch KOF uh nee) n: harsh-sounding mixture of words, voices, or sounds
A cacophony isn’t just a lot of noise. It’s a lot of noise that doesn’t sound good together. A Steam whistles blowing isn’t a cacophony. But a high school orchestra that had never rehearsed together might very well produce a cacophony. The roar of engines, horns and sirens arising from a busy city street would be a cacophony. A lot of people all shouting at once would produce a cacophony.
Euphony is the opposite of cacophony. Euphony is pleasing sound.
2. Cadence (KADE uns) n: rhythm; the rise and fall of sounds
We wished the tone of Shurya’s words would have a more pleasing cadence, but he spoke in a dull monotone.
3. Callow (KALoh) adj: immature
To be callow is to be youthfully native, inexperienced, and sophisticated.
A teenager might show callow disregard for the feelings of adults.
Driving fast cars and hanging out in the parking lot at the 7 are callow pursuits.
The patient was alarmed by the callowness of the medical staff. The doctors looked too young to have graduated from high school, much less from medical school.
4. Candor (KAN dur) n: truthfulness; sincere honesty
My best friend exhibited candor when he told me that for many years now he has believed me to be a fool.
I appreciated Shubham’s Candor.
To show candor is to be candid. What is candid about the camera on Candid Camera? The Camera is candid because it is truthful in showing what people do when they can’t turn off the coffee machine in the office where they’re applying for a job. Candid does not mean concealed or hidden. To be candid is to speak frankly.
5. Capitulate (Kuh PICH uh LATE) v: to surrender; to give up or give in
I urged him to take off his cap. When I threatened to knock his head off, he capitulated.
On the twentieth day of the stricken, the workers capitulated and went back to work without a new contract.
To recapitulate is not to capitulate again. To recapitulate is to summarize.
Few students did not pay attention to Mr. Aditya’s that he had to recapitulate his major points at the end of the class.
6. Capricious (kuh PRISH us, kuh PREE shus) adj: unpredictable; likely to change at any moment
Nausheen was very capricious. One minute he said his favorite car was a Maruti 800. The next minute he said it was a Santro.
The weather is often said to be capricious. One minute it’s snowing, the next minute it’s 120 degree in the shade.
A caprice is a whim.
7. Caricature (KAR uh kuh Chur, KAR uh kuh choor) n: a portrait or description that is purposely distorted or exaggerated, often to prove some point about its subject
Editorial cartoonists often draw caricatures. Big noses, enormous glasses, floppy ears, and other distortions are common in such drawings. A politician who has been convicted of bribery might be depicted in a prison uniform or with a ball and chain around his ankle. If the politician has big ears to begin with, the ears might be drawn vastly bigger.
A caricature uses exaggeration to bring out the hidden character of its subject.
The word can also be used as a verb. To caricature someone is to create such a distorted portrait.
8. Castigate (KAS tuh GATE) v: to criticize severely, to chastise
Raj’s mother-in-law castigated him for forgetting to pick her up at the airport.
9. Catalyst (KAT uh list) n: in chemistry, something that changes the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being changed; any thing that makes something happen without being directly involved in it.
When the mad scientist dropped a few grains of the catalysts into his test tube, the bubbling liquid began to boil furiously.
This word is often used outside the laboratory as well. The launching of Sputnik by the Russians provided the catalyst for the creation of the modern American space program.
The tragic hijacking provided the catalyst for Congress’s new antiterrorist legislation.
10. Categorical (KAT uh GAWR I kul) adj: unconditional; absolute
A categorical denial is one without exception-it covers every category. Crooked politicians often make categorical denials of various charges against them. Then they go to jail.
Dont forget to use atleast 4-5 words from the above list in sentences of your own and write them in the comments section below. It will also help us evaluate whether you have used the word properly or not.