Dear Banking/Recruitment exams Candidates
After reading our daily tips, tricks and quizzes on different subjects and sections, we got endless requests from candidates for help in improving vocabulary and improve the performance in English section of banking/recruitment exams.
We have started posting a list 10 vocabulary words along with their meaning and pronunciation, your task would be to checkout those words, pronounce them correctly, understand their meaning and finally come up with sentences and statements which contains those words and convey their meaning. Comment your original sentences in the comments section below. The reason we are encouraging you to do that is because the key to improving vocabulary is using new and difficult words in your own sentences as you tend to remember the meaning once you have used it. You can also see how other candidates have used those words in their sentences and improve your word recall. After this you should use these sentences and words while talking to people. Even if you use the word once while talking to a person, you would realize that your vocabulary is increasing swiftly. The format of each word will be like:
“WORD (pronunciation) part of speech: Meaning
one or two Sentences” . Consider the following example:
Abash (uh BASH) v: to make ashamed, to embarrass.
• Raj felt abashed by his inability to remember his lines in the morning prayers.
• To do something without shame or embarrassment is to do it un-abashedly.
• Shreya handed in a term paper that she had unabashedly copied from the newspaper.
Notice that Abash is the word, ‘uh bash’ is the pronunciation, v signifies its a verb. This is followed by meaning ‘to make ashamed, embarrass’ . There are two-three sentences demonstrating how you can use the word and its antonym.
Candidates set your game brain on, here are the 10 vocabulary words for today:
1. Bane (bane) n: poison, torment, cause of harm
• Bane means poison , but generally the word is usually used figuratively.
• To say that someone is the bane of your existence is to say that that person poisons your enjoyment of life.
• Baneful means harmful.
2. Bastion (BAS chun) n: stronghold, fortress, fortified place
• Smriti Irani launched barbs at Congress in Sonia Gandhi’s bastion, Rae Bareily.
• The robbers terrorized the villagers of Lohiyat for several weeks and then escaped to their bastion high in the treacherous mountains.
3. Beget (bi GET) v: to give birth to, to create, to lead, to cause
• Those who lie should be creative and have good memories, since one lie leads often to another lie, which begets another.
4. Belabor (bi LAY bur) v: to go over repeatedly or to an absurd extent
• For more than an hour, the boring speaker belabored his point about the challenge of foreign competition.
• Mr. Sharma spent the entire period belaboring the obvious. He made the same dumb observation over and over again.
5. Beleaguer (bi LEE gur) v: to surround, to besiege, to harass
• No one could leave the beleaguered city; the attacking army had closed off all the exits.
• Manish felt beleaguered at work. He was months behind in his assignments and he had little hope of catching up.
• The beleaguered President seldom emerged from the Oval Office as he struggled to deal with the growing scandal.
6. Belie (bi LYE) v: to give a false impression of, to contradict
• Shrihari’s smile belied the grief he was feeling. Despite his happy expression he was terribly sad inside.
• The messy appearance of the banquet table belied the huge effort that had gone into setting it up.
• A word that is sometimes confused with belie is betray. To rework the first example above:
• Shreya was smiling, but a small tear in one eye betrayed the grief she was feeling.
• The fact that the groom kept his fingers crossed during the wedding ceremony betrayed his true feelings about his bride. The loving look he gave his bride belied his true feelings.
7. Belittle (bi LIT ul) v: to make to seem little, to put someone down
• We worked hard to put out the fire, but the fire chief belittled our efforts by saying you are a bunch of clowns.
• The chairman’s belittling comments made everyone feel small.
8. Belligerent (buh LIJ ur unt) adj: combative, quarrelsome, waging war
• A bully is belligerent. Toe be belligerent is to push other people around, to be noisy and argumentative, to threaten other people and generally to make a nuisance of oneself.
• Ali was so belligerent that the convention had the feel of a boxing match.
• Opposing armies in a war are referred to as belligerents. Sometimes one belligerent in a conflict is more belligerent than the other.
9. Bemused (BI myoozd) adj: confused, bewildered
• To muse is to think about or ponder things. To be bemused, then, is to have been thinking about things to the point of confusion.
• The two stood bemused in the middle of the parking lot at Essel World, trying to remember where they had parked their car.
• Shreekant was bemused when all the lights and appliances in his house began switching on add off for no apparent reason.
• People often use the word bemused when they really mean “amused” but bemusement is no laughing matter. Bemused means confused.
10. Benefactor (BEN uh FAK tur) n: one who provides help, especially in the form of a gift or donation
• To give benefits is to be a benefactor. To receive benefits is to be a beneficiary. People very, very often confuse these two words. It would be to their benefit to keep them straight.
• If your next-door neighbor rewrites his life insurance policy so that you will receive all his lakhs when he dies, then you become the beneficiary of the policy. If your neighbor then dies, he is your benefactor.
Dont forget to use atleast 4-5 words from the above list in sentences of your own and write them in the comments section below. It will also help us evaluate whether you have used the words properly or not. If you are really serious about improving your english, you start here. Don’t be afraid or shy in writing the sentences because of your fear of not writing proper English. Its good to commit mistakes now rather than in exam. Remember