Civil Services Exam 2016: Know Your GS (Inf.6) HIGGS BOSON PARTICLE, CERN

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Civil Services Exam

Civil Services Exam 2016: You will be tested on Questions relating to Higgs Boson and the underlying experiment at CERN.

Civil Services Exam 2016: Daily Infographics

Subject : GENERAL SCIENCE (PHYSICS)

Created by Logical Nerd
Created by Logical Nerd

Standard Model

  • The standard model is a theory of Particle Physics.
  • It says all the material around us is made up of 12 matter particle (also known as Fermions).
  • The other 11 particles predicted by the model have been found and only Higgs particle was not yet found, so the CERN was trying to find it.

CERN

  • The European Organization for Nuclear Research also known as CERN
  • It is the world’s largest nuclear physics laboratory carrying out various experiments,
  • It is situated at Geneva, along France-Swiss border.
  • It has been operating several particle accelerators the latest one being the Large Hadron collider.

Higgs boson Particle

  • This particle is theoretically responsible for mass, without which there would be no gravity and no universe.
  • Therefore it is also called the “God” particle.
  • The Higgs particle was proposed in the 1960s by British physicist Peter Higgs as a way of explaining why other particles have mass.
  • CERN has been attempting to find evidence of its existence.

Large Hadron Collider

  • The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator.
  • The LHC consists of a 27 kilometre ring of superconducting magnets with a number of accelerating structures to boost the energy of the particles along the way.
  • Inside the accelerator, two high-energy particle beams travel at close to the speed of light before they are made to collide.
  • The beams travel in opposite directions in separate beam pipes – two tubes kept at ultra high vacuum.

Bose in ‘Boson’

  • The work done by Bose and Albert Einstein laid the foundation for the discovery of the God particle.
  • The sub-atomic particle “boson” is named after Bengali physicist Satyendra Nath Bose whose pioneering work in the field in the early 1920s changed the way particle physics has been studied.
  • He was awarded India’s second highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan in by the Government of India.
  • What makes totally awesome- he never received a Ph.D, nor was he awarded a Nobel Prize, though the Nobel committee recognised other scientists for research related to concepts he developed.

Who is Archana Sharma ? 

A scientist of Indian origin, working at CERN involved in CMS experiment over there. She has been involved in this since 1987.

Take the Quiz

1. Particle which explains about mass of matter is called ____________.
 
 
 
 

Question 1 of 5

2. Particles that are unaffected by strong nuclear force are ________.
 
 
 
 

Question 2 of 5

3. Which of the following particle is responsible for carrying away the missing energy and momentum in a nuclear decay process ?
 
 
 
 

Question 3 of 5

4. Each hadron consists of a proper combination of a few elementary components called _____.
 
 
 
 

Question 4 of 5

5. The first anti particle found was ________.

 
 
 
 
 

Question 5 of 5


 

Civil Services 2016: Preparation Packages

ENROLL FOR CIVIL SERVICES PRELIMS TESTS AND PREPARATION PACKAGES DESIGNED BY PREVIOUS YEAR CIVIL SERVICES TOPPERS

TEN REASONS TO APPEAR FOR CIVIL SERVICES THIS YEAR

References: mrunal.org

  • Sahil

    1/5 🙁
    such poor performance. i think i shud study this topic in detail for upsc

    • AMIT CHAUDHARY

      No worries Sahil, Still there is ample time to study