Civil Services Exam 2016

Civil Services Exam 2016: The Indian Constitution is an integral part of the Polity syllabus. Learn about the sources of our Constitution.

Civil Services Exam 2016: Daily Infographics

Subject : Polity

Civil Services Exam 2016
Created by Logical Nerd












In India, the Constituent Assembly was constituted in November 1946, under the scheme formulated by the Cabinet Mission Plan. The Constituent Assembly was to be a partly elected and partly nominated body. The members were to be indirectly elected by the members of the provincial assemblies, who themselves were elected on a limited franchise. It comprised of representatives of all sections of Indian society. The Constitution framers adopted from several sources, features which are present in the Indian Constitution. The main sources may be identified as :

US Constitution

Fundamental Rights, Independence of Judiciary, Judicial Review, Impeachment of the President, Removal of Supreme Court and High Court judges and post of Vice-President.

British Constitution

Parliamentary government, Rule of Law, Legislative procedure, Single citizenship, Cabinet System, Prerogative Writs.

French Constitution

Republic and the ideals of liberty equality and fraternity in the Preamble.

Canadian Constitution

Federation with a strong centre, residuary powers with the centre, appointment of state governors by the centre and advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.

Weimar Constitution 

Suspension of Fundamental Rights during Emergency.

Irish Constitution

Directive Principles of State Policy, nomination of members to Rajya Sabha and method of election of President, Federation with a strong centre, Vesting of residuary powers in the Centre, appointment of State Governors by the Centre and advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.

Australian Constitution

Concurrent List, Freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament.

Soviet Constitution

Fundamental duties, the ideal of justice (social, economic and political) in the Preamble.

South African Constitution

Procedure for amendment, the Constitution and election of the members of Rajya Sabha.

Japanese Constitution

Procedure established by law. The drafted Constitution was finally adopted on November 26, 1949.

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