We have started posting a list 10 vocabulary words along with their meaning and pronunciation, your task would be to checkout those words, pronounce them correctly, understand their meaning and finally come up with sentences and statements which contains those words and convey their meaning. Comment your original sentences in the comments section below. The reason we are encouraging you to do that is because the key to improving vocabulary is using new and difficult words in your own sentences as you tend to remember the meaning once you have used it. You can also see how other candidates have used those words in their sentences and improve your word recall. After this you should use these sentences and words while talking to people. Even if you use the word once while talking to a person, you would realize that your vocabulary is increasing swiftly. The format of each word will be like:
“WORD (pronunciation) part of speech: Meaning
one or two Sentences” . Consider the following example:
Abash (uh BASH) v: to make ashamed, to embarrass.
• Raj felt abashed by his inability to remember his lines in the morning prayers.
• To do something without shame or embarrassment is to do it un-abashedly.
• Shreya handed in a term paper that she had unabashedly copied from the newspaper.
Notice that Abash is the word, ‘uh bash’ is the pronunciation, v signifies its a verb. This is followed by meaning ‘to make ashamed, embarrass’ . There are two-three sentences demonstrating how you can use the word and its antonym.
Candidates set your game brain on, here are the 10 vocabulary words for today’s challenge:
1. Catharsis (kuh THAR sis) n: purification that brings emotional relief or renewal
To someone with psychological problems, talking to a psychiatrist can lead to a catharsis. A catharsis is a sometimes traumatic event, after which one feels better.
A catharsis is cathartic. Some people find emotional movies cathartic watching one often allows them to release buried emotions. Cathartic can also be a noun. Young Ram swallowed the contents of a bottle of shoe polish, so his mother gave him a raw egg as a cathartic to make him vomit.
2. Catholic (KATH uh lik) adj: universal; embracing everything
Catholic with as small “c” means universal. Da Vinci was a catholic genius who excelled at everything he did. Parochial means narrow-minded, so parochial and catholic are almost opposites.
3. Caustic (KAW stik) adj: like acid; corrosive
Paint remover is a caustic substance, if you spill on your skin, your skin will burn.
Caustic can be used figuratively as well. A Caustic comment is one that is so nasty or insulting that it seems to sting or burn the person to whom it is directed. The teacher’s caustic criticism of Maya’s term paper left her in tears.
4. Celibacy (SEL ee buh see) n: abstinence from sex
To practice celibacy is to be celibate. You will take a very long time in Holly wood before you find a celibate celebrity.
Nikola Tesla practiced Celibacy.
5. Censure (SEN shur) v: to condemn severely for doing something bad.
The Supreme Court sometimes censures ministers for breaking laws or engaging in behavior unbecoming to an elected official.
Censure can also be a noun. The clumsy physician feared the censure of his fellow doctors, so he stopped treating anything more complicated than the common cold.
6. Cerebral(SER uh brul) adj: brainy; intellectually refined
Your cerebrum is the biggest part of your brain. To be cerebral is to do and care about things that really smart people do and care about.
A cerebral discussion is one that is filled with big words and concerns abstruse matters that ordinary people can’t understand.
Samhita was too cerebral to be cricket announcer, she kept talking about the existentialism of the outfield.
7. Chagrin (Shuh GRIN) n: humiliation; embarrassed disappointment
Much to my chagrin, I began laughing in front of the discipline committee.
Rahul was filled with chagrin when he lost the race because he had put his shoes on the wrong feet.
The word chagrin is sometimes used incorrectly to mean surprise. There is, how ever, a definite note of shame in chagrin.
To be chagrined is to feel humiliated or mortified.
8. Charisma (kuh RIZ muh) n: a magical-seeming ability to attract followers or inspire loyalty
The glamorous prime ministerial candidate had a lot of charisma. Voters didn’t seem to support him as much as be entranced by him.
The evangelist’s undeniable charisma enabled him to bring in millions and millions of dollars in donations to his television show.
To have charisma is to be charismatic.
9. Charlatan (SHAR luh tun) n: fraud; quack; con man
Nihar was selling what he claimed was a cure for cancer, but he was just a charlatan (the pills were jelly beans).
The flea market usually attracts a lot of charlatans, who sell phony products that don’t do what they claim they will.
10. Chasm (KAZ um) n: a deep, gaping hold; a gorge
Aditya was so stupid that his girlfriend wondered whether there wasn’t a chasm where his brain should be.
The bad guys were gaining, so the hero grabbed the heroine and swung across the chasm on a slender vine.
MockBankers please don’t forget to use above words in sentences and answer them in the comments section below. If you are really serious about improving your English and score well in Banking/recruitment exams, you got to start here. Also please let us know how you liked today’s vocabulary challenge. Cheers!