10 Tips & Questions to Crack Reading Comprehension IBPS PO Prelims 2015

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Reading Comprehension Tips and Questions

[sociallocker id=2219]IBPS PO RC Questions and Tips [/sociallocker]

Dear IBPS PO CANDIDATES,

Many of our fellow readers, after reading our 11 Tips to Crack English Section of IBPS PO  requested us to publish Reading Comprehension questions and tips and tricks to solve them. Below are the tips . Read them carefully and use them to answer the questions below. We will publish the Answers in tomorrow’s verbal ability post.

VERBAL ABILITY TOPIC OF THE DAY – Reading Comprehension

Reading comprehension (RC) is among the highest section of Banking/Competitive examinations.  So what makes it the most favored section in english:

  • Its asked in every paper
  • You don’t need prior knowledge to solve RC questions.
  • It takes time to solve but there is a 80-90% accuracy.
  • Due to its high accuracy and repetition, it acts as a game changer in clearing sectional cut off in english section of IBPS PO Prelim.

We have prepared a list of few tips and strategies which can be applied to solve reading comprehension questions quickly with high accuracy in your upcoming IBPS PO Prelim exam.

  1. If you have to clear english sectional cutoff without breaking a sweat, attempt all RC questions.
  2. However if you less time left and there are more than one Reading Comprehension questions, pick the one based on the following preferences :
    1. Which one is smaller : less number of words.
    2. Which  one is based on a topic of your understanding: If you are a economics graduate, it makes sense to go for topics related to economy, finance etc and to avoid topics related to engineering or quantum mechanics. Same applies for graduates from any field. Choose the topic related to your field of interest.)
    3. What is the tone of the author: formal or informal. Identify what the author wants to convey and can you relate yourself to it.
  3. Once you are done selecting the passage, have a quick glance on its content. Don’t read just observe it like a image.
  4. Now read the question. Since you had a glance, you will realize that you can quickly discover the answer to the question in the passage.
  5. Remember questions and information in the passage is linked. This means first question will have relevance in the first paragraph and so on.
  6. For finding the gist (main idea) of passage, read the first and last paragraph of the passage.
  7. For answering vocabulary questions of RC, just read the sentence the word is present in and without looking over at the options, think about the context that word is used in. Then check the options and the nearest assumption is your answer.
  8. Never use past knowledge about the topic to answer any questions.
  9. Improve your reading speed. Read articles in newspaper and practice speed reading tips. You can check speed reading tips here: Speed reading- WikiHow . Speed reading tips
  10. Avoid extreme answers.

Now apply this knowledge to answer the questions below


Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
A new analysis has determined that the threat of global warming can still be greatly diminished if nations cut emissions of heat-trapping greenhouse gases by 70% this century. The analysis was done by scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).While global temperatures would rise, the most dangerous potential aspects of climate change, including massive losses of Arctic sea ice and permafrost and significant sea-level rise, could be partially avoided. “This research indicates that we can no longer avoid significant warming during this century,” said NCAR scientist Warren Washington, the study paper’s lead author. “But, if the world were to implement this level of emission cuts, we could stabilize the threat of climate change”, he added.
Average global temperatures have warmed by close to 1 degree Celsius since the pre-industrial era. Much of the warming is due to human-produced emissions of greenhouse gases, predominantly carbon dioxide. This heat-trapping gas has increased from a pre-industrial level of about 284 parts per million (ppm) in the atmosphere to more than 380 ppm today. With research showing that additional warming of about 1 degree C may be the threshold for dangerous climate change, the European Union has called for dramatic cuts in emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.

To examine the impact of such cuts on the world’s climate, Washington and his colleagues ran a series of global studies with the NCAR-based Community Climate System Model (CCSM). They assumed that carbon dioxide levels could be held to 450 ppm at the end of this century. In contrast, emissions are now on track to reach about 750 ppm by 2100 if unchecked. The team’s results showed that if carbon dioxide were held to 450 ppm, global temperatures would increase by 0.6 degrees Celsius above current readings by the end of the century. In contrast, the study showed that temperatures would rise by almost four times that amount, to 2.2 degrees Celsius above current readings, if emissions were allowed to continue on their present course. Holding carbon dioxide levels to 450 ppm would .have other impacts, according to the climate modeling study. Sea-level rise due to thermal expansion as water temperatures warmed would be 14 centimetres (about 5.5 inches) instead of 22 centimetres (8.7 inches). Also, Arctic ice in the summertime would shrink by about a quarter in volume and stabilize by 2100, as opposed to shrinking at least three quarters and continuing to melt, and Arctic warming would be reduced by almost half.

Question 1:What would NOT be one of the impacts of cutting greenhouse gas emissions ?.

  1. Temperatures will stop soaring
  2. Ice in the Arctic sea would melt at a slower pace
  3. The rise in sea level would be lesser
  4. None of the above

Question 2: What would be the impact of holding the carbon dioxide level at 450 ppm at the end of this century ?
(A) Global temperatures would increase by 0.6 degrees Celsius.
(B) Arctic warming would be reduced by half.
(C) Thermal expansion will stop completely.

 

  1. Only (A)
  2. Only (A) and (B)
  3. Only (B) and (C)
  4. All the three (A), (B) and (C)

Question 3: What does the scientist Warren Washington mean when he says “we could stabilize the threat of climate change”?

  1. Climate change can be stopped completely.
  2. Climate change can be regularized.
  3. Climate change and its effects can be studied extensively.
  4. The ill-effects of the change in climate can be minimize

Question 4: Why has the European Union called for dramatic cuts in carbon dioxide and greenhouse gas emissions ?

  1. As global warming is not an issue of concern.
  2. As the temperatures may rise almost by an additional one degree and this may lead to severe climate change.
  3. As the NCAR has forced the European Union to announce the cuts.
  4. As all the nations have decided to cut emissions of carbon dioxide.

Question 5: Why did Washington and his colleagues conduct a series of studies ?

  1. Because they realized that the temperature increase was almost about degree
  2. So that they could stabilize the climate change
  3. So that they could help the European Union in cutting the carbon dioxide emissions
  4. None of these.

Question 6: What would be the impact of unchecked greenhouse gas and carbon dioxide emissions ?

  1. The temperature would rise from the current temperature by 2.2 degrees Celsius
  2. The sea-level would rise by about 5.5 inches
  3. The arctic ice would stabilize by 2100
  4. The arctic ice would reduce by one-fourth

Question 7: Choose the word which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to : PREDOMINANTLY

  1. clearly
  2. aggressively
  3. mainly
  4. firstly

Question 8: Choose the word which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to : Opposed 

  1. resistant
  2. against
  3. favouring
  4. similar

Question 9: Choose the word which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to : Massive

  1. tall
  2. tough
  3. total
  4. severe

Question 10: What can be the most appropriate title of the above passage ?

  1. A study of the rise in water level
  2. A study of rise in temperatures
  3. A study of the effects of greenhouse gas emissions
  4. A study of the Arctic region

Please share this article with your friends and help improve their scores. If you have any doubts please write them in the comments section below and we will be more than happy to answer them. 

 

UPDATE: ANSWERS 

1: D

The passage mentions clearly that if greenhouse emissions are cut, it will have all the following impacts. The question asks “What wold NOT be the impact”. Be very careful with the language of the question.

2: B

Checkout the paragraph : Sea-level rise due to thermal expansion as water temperatures warmed would be 14 centimetres (about 5.5 inches) instead of 22 centimetres (8.7 inches). Also, Arctic ice in the summertime would shrink by about a quarter in volume and stabilize by 2100, as opposed to shrinking at least three quarters and continuing to melt, and Arctic warming would be reduced by almost half.

3: D

To stabilize threat of climate change means to minimize the impact, not completely stopped.

4: B

The answer is obvious from the lines “With research showing that additional warming of about 1 degree C may be the threshold for dangerous climate change, the European Union has called for dramatic cuts in emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.”

5: D

The answer is ‘none of these ‘ since no where in the passage is mentioned what prompted Washington and his colleagues to start the research. All the given options are the findings (results) of the study, not the cause.

6: A

“the study showed that temperatures would rise by almost four times that amount, to 2.2 degrees Celsius above current readings, if emissions were allowed to continue on their present course.”

7: C

Predominant: Main

8: B

Opposed: Against

9: D

Massive(in context): severe

10: C

A study of the effects of greenhouse gas emissions

Congratulations to all of you, who got the answers correct. Please feel free to ask questions in the comments section below.

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